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The database currently contains 16 interpretations to the runsten, granulit found in By:

Inscription: ekirila?hro?a?hro?e?o(r)te■ata?inautalai(2?)d? | rm■´ |  

 

Reading: ekirila?hro?a?hro?e?o(r)te■ata?inautalai(fu)d? | rm■´ |  
1. interpretation: ek Irila? Hro?a? Hro?e? o(r)te ■at a?ina ut Alai(fu). ů  
Translation: I, Irila? - Hro?a? (=quick-moving), Hro?e? (=son of Hro?a?), worked out this stone slab for Alaif. ů  
  
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  Literature: 
  No. Author Title Year Image 
      
  1  Marchese, Maria Pia.  'Ego' nel formulario delle rune. In: Studi linguistichi e filologici per Carlo Alberto Mastrelli, (hg.) Agostiani, Luciano et al., Pisa 1985, 247-261.  1985  /  
  2  Krause, Wolfgang.  Die Sprache der urnordischen Runeninschriften. Heidelberg 1971.  1971  /  
  3  Krause, Wolfgang, Herbert Jankuhn.  Die Runeninschriften im ńlteren Futhark. G÷ttingen 1966.  1966  graph.+photo  

 

Reading: ekerila?hro?a?hro?e?orte■ata?inautalaifu |  
2. interpretation: ek Erila? Hro?a? Hro?e? orte ■at a?ina ut Alaifu.  
Translation: I, Erila?, Hro?a?, son of Hro?a?, wrought this stone tablet for Alaif.  
  
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  Literature: 
  No. Author Title Year Image 
      
  1  Smith, Jesse Robert.  Word Order in the Older Germanic Dialects. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. Diss. 1971.  1971  /  

 

Reading: ek(e)ri(lazhrozazhrozeworte■atazina 2? talai 1? d 1?)rm■? |  
3. interpretation: ek (E)ri(laz) (Hrozaz) (Hroze) (worte) (■at) (azina) ...  
Translation: I, the Erilaz, [am called] Hrozaz (=quick-moving) - for Hrozaz this stone wrought ...  
  
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  Literature: 
  No. Author Title Year Image 
      
  1  Antonsen, Elmer H.  Runes and Germanic Linguistics. Berlin, New York 2002.  2002b  /  
  2  Antonsen, Elmer H.  A Concise Grammar of the Older Runic Inscriptions. TŘbingen 1975.  1975b  /  

 

Reading: ekirila?hro?a?hro?e?o(r)te■ata?ina(8-10?) | rm■´ |  
4. interpretation: ek Irila? Hro?a? Hro?e? o(r)te ■at a?ina. ...  
Translation: I [am] the Irila? - Hro?a? (=quick-moving), Hro?e? (=son of Hro?a?), made this stone. ...  
  
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  Literature: 
  No. Author Title Year Image 
      
  1  H°st, Gerd.  Runer. Vňre eldste norske runeinnskrifter. Oslo 1976.  1976  photo  

 

Reading: ekirila?hro?a?hro?e?o(r)te■ata?inautalai(fu)d? | rm■´ |  
5. interpretation: ek Irila? Hro?a? Hro?e? o(r)te ■at a?ina ut Alai(fu). ů  
Translation: I, the Irila? Hro?a? (=quick-moving) - Hro?e? (=the one belonging to Hro?a?/the stirer) made the stone slab for Alaif. ů  
  
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  Literature: 
  No. Author Title Year Image 
      
  1  Klingenberg, Heinz.  Runenschrift - Schriftdenken - Runeninschriften. Heidelberg 1973.  1973  graph.+photo  

 

Reading: ekirila?hro?a?hro?e?o(r)te■ata?inautalai(fu)d? | rm■´ |  
6. interpretation: ek Irila? Hro?a? Hro?e? o(r)te ■at a?ina ut Alai(fu). ů  
Translation: I, the Irila? Hro?a? (=quick-moving) - Hro?e? (=the one belonging to Hro?a?/the stirer), made the stone slab for Alaif. ů  
  
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  Literature: 
  No. Author Title Year Image 
      
  1  Klingenberg, Heinz.  Runenschrift - Schriftdenken - Runeninschriften. Heidelberg 1973.  1973  graph.+photo  

 

Reading: ekirila?hro?a?hro?e?oute■ata?inautalai(nd?) | rm■´ |  
7. interpretation: ek Irila? hro?a? hro?e?o ute ■att a?ina utala{i}nd?. r[aid] [u]m m[an?]. ■[urisa?] i [war].  
Translation: I, Irila?, the [most] agile amongst agile ones (=living ones) - Outside you got your abode, "out-lander" (=dead one). The man rode around [the abode]. The dead one was inside.  
  
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  Literature: 
  No. Author Title Year Image 
      
  1  Gr°nvik, Ottar.  Fra Vimose til ědemotland. Nye studier over runinnskrifter fra f°rkristen tid i Norden. Oslo 1996.  1996  graph.+photo  

 

Reading: e(k)irila?hro?a?hro?e?o(r)te■ata?inautalai(fu)d? | rm■´ |  
8. interpretation: e(k) Irila? Hro?a? Hro?e? o(r)te ■at a?ina ut Alai(fu). D[aga]? r[uno?] m[arki]■e.  
Translation: I, the Irila? Hro?a?, son of Hro?e?, executed this sone altar for Alaifu. Daga? drew the runes.  
  
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  Literature: 
  No. Author Title Year Image 
      
  1  Krause, Wolfgang.  Runeninschriften im ńlteren Futhark. Halle (Saale) 1937.  1937  graph.+photo  

 

Reading: e(k)irila?hro?a?hro?e?o(r)te■ata?inautalai(fu)d? | rm■´ |  
9. interpretation: e(k) Irila? Hro?a? Hro?e? o(r)te ■at a?ina ut Alai(fu) ...  
Translation: I, the Irila? Hro?a?, son of Hro?a?, made this stone/funeral place (=grave) for Alaif ů  
  
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  Literature: 
  No. Author Title Year Image 
      
  1  Sierke, Sigurd.  Kannten die vorchristlichen Germanen Runenzauber? K÷nigsberg, Berlin 1939.  1939  /  

 

Reading: eirila?hro?a?(h)ro?e?o(r)te■ata(?)i(n)au(b)t(a)laifu(d?) | rm■´ |  
10. interpretation: Eirila? Hro?a? (H)ro?e? o(r)te ■at a(?)i(n)a u(b)t (A)laifu ... . r[uno?] m[arkide] ■[a?] E[ha?].  
Translation: The Eirila? Hro?a? Hro?e? made these mounds after Alaif, his daughter. These runes carved Eha?.  
  
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  Literature: 
  No. Author Title Year Image 
      
  1  Jˇhannesson, Alexander.  Grammatik der urnordischen Runeninschriften. Heidelberg 1923.  1923  /  

 

Reading: ekirila?hro?a?(h)ro?e?o(r)te■ata?(in)au(b)t(a)laifu(d?) | rm■´ |  
11. interpretation: ek Irila? Hro?a? (H)ro?e? o(r)te ■at a?(in)a u(b)t (A)laifu. (D)[aga](?) r[uno?] m[arki]■e.  
Translation: I, the Irila? Hro?a?, son of Hro?a?, made this mound after Alaif. Daga? drew the runes.  
  
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  Literature: 
  No. Author Title Year Image 
      
  1  Noreen, Adolf.  Altnordische Grammatik I. Altislńndische und altnorwegische Grammatik (Laut- und Flexionslehre) unter BerŘcksichtigung des Urnordischen. 5. unverńnderte Auflage. TŘbingen 1970 [1923].  1970 [1923]  /  

 

Reading: eirila?hro?a?(hr)o?e?o(r)te■ata?(in)a(u 1? ta)lai(1?)u(d?) | rm■´ |  
12. interpretation: Eirila? Hro?a? (Hr)o?e? o(r)te ■at a?(in)a (ubt) (A)lai(b)u (d)[ohtu](?). r[uno?] m[arkide] ■[a?] E[ha?].  
Translation: The Eirila? Hro?a?, son of Hro?a?, made this stone slab after [his] daughter Alaib. Eha? wrote these runes.  
  
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  Literature: 
  No. Author Title Year Image 
      
  1  Bugge, Sophus.  Norges Indskrifter med de Šldre Runer I. Christiania 1891-1903.  1891-1903  graph.  

 

Reading: ekirilazhrozazhrozezorte■atazinautalai(2?)z(1?)rm■i |  
13. interpretation: ek Irilaz Hrozaz Hrozez orte ■at azina ů  
Translation: I, the Irilaz, Hrozaz, son of Hrozaz, wrought this hearthstone for ...  
  
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  Literature: 
  No. Author Title Year Image 
      
  1  Looijenga, Tineke.  Texts and Contexts of the Oldest Runic Inscriptions. Leiden, Boston 2003 (=The Northern World, 4).  2003b  graph.+photo  

 

Reading: ... d? | rm■´ |  
14. interpretation: ... d[ohta]? r(owe) m(inu) ■(ar) i(ne).  
Translation: ... My daughter, rest here.  
  
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  Literature: 
  No. Author Title Year Image 
      
  1  Bugge, Sophus, Magnus Olsen.  Norges Indskrifter med de Šldre Runer II. Christiania 1917.  1917  graph.+photo  

 

Reading: eirila?hro?a?hro?ero ... |  
15. interpretation: Erila? hro?a? hro?ero ...  
Translation: Erila?, quick among quick ones ...  
  
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  Literature: 
  No. Author Title Year Image 
      
  1  Lindquist, Ivar.  Omkring namnet Erik. In: Namn och bygd, 27, 1939, 1-31.  1939  /  

 

Reading: ... hro?e? ... |  
16. interpretation: ... Hr°»?e? ...  
Translation: ... Hr°»?e? (=son of Hro?a?) ů  
  
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  Literature: 
  No. Author Title Year Image 
      
  1  Schulte, Michael.  Grundfragen der Umlautphonemisierung: Eine strukturelle Analyse des nordgermanischen i/j-Umlauts unter BerŘcksichtigung der ńlteren Runeninschriften. Berlin, New York 1998 (=Ergńnzungsbńnde zum Reallexikon der Germanischen Altertumskunde, 17).  1998b  /